13-year-old male fell on an outstretched hand skate boarding. He has tenderness at the base of his right thumb in the anatomic snuffbox.
- What fracture would you be concerned about with the above history?
- You should be worried about possible scaphoid fracture with tenderness in the anatomic snuffbox after falling on an oustretched hand.1
- What radiographic imaging should you get?
- Scaphoid series. Includes posteroanterior, oblique, lateral, and angled posteroanterior views.
- The PA and PA angled view should have the hand positioned in ulnar deviation to remove the scaphoid from the radius.2
- Why are scaphoid fractures at risk for avascular necrosis?
- Branches of the radial artery are the major blood supply entering the scaphoid from distal to proximal. Thus, a proximal fracture can easily damage the blood supply to the proximal scaphoid leading to avascular necrosis1,2
- How do you manage in the ED?
- 1) Thumb spica splint holding the wrist in dorsiflexion and radial deviation.
- 2) Orthopaedic follow up1,2
- What if you don’t see a fracture on Xray, but are still suspicious for a scaphoid fracture?
- 10% of initial radiographs fail at detecting a scaphoid fracture.1 So if a patient has a normal Xray, but there is high suspicion you should place them in thumb spica andrepeat imaging in about 2 weeks. You can also consider CT or MRI. 1,2
- Tintinalli, J., Stapczynski, J., Ma, O., Cline, D., Meckler, G., & Yealy, D. Tintinalli’s emergency medicine (8th ed., pp. 1801-1809). McGraw-Hill Education.
- Knipe, Henry, and R Bronson . “Scaphoid Fracture | Radiology Reference Article.” Radiopaedia.org, 2016, radiopaedia.org/articles/scaphoid-fracture.